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The word predestination means to limit in advance, predetermine, foreordain, determine before, appoint. From the meaning of this word many have concluded that those whom God has predestined have no power of choice. This could not be further from the truth!

The doctrine of predestination is among the most controversial subjects in the Christian world. Some go to the extreme to say that predestined man has no power of choice whatsoever. Then some go to another extreme and say that created man has total power of choice in determining his destiny and there is no predetermined purpose of God as far as an end result or destiny. Both extremes are wrong as far as God’s Word is concerned, yet both sides contain Truth. This is one area where balanced Truth is in order or where “rightly dividing the Word of Truth” is needed.

Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth
— II Timothy 2:15

 Predestination also means that since before time began, a “fence was placed around” those whom God had predetermined, and they were “fitted in advance” for a particular purpose according to God’s Foreknowledge, Purpose and  Eternal Plan.

Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations
— Jeremiah 1:5

 Jesus Himself was foreordained, predestined, to come to this world as the Lamb of God.

But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you
— I Peter 1:19-20

Even though Christ was foreordained He did not come into this world as a robot or a puppet. All the days of His earthly journey He was faced with the power of “choice.” If He had no choice, He could not have been tempted because with temptation comes the power to choose.  Yet, He was equipped or fitted in advance with all He needed to fulfill His predestined purpose, the Father’s Will.

The Grace of God was upon Him.

And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him
— Luke 2:40

He had the Spirit without measure.

For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him
— John 3:34

The Father gave all things unto Him.

The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand
— John 3:35

The Father commanded Him what words to speak.

For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak
— John 12:49

In the wilderness, Jesus was faced with choice (Matthew 4:1), In the Garden of Gethsemane, He was faced with choice (Matthew 26:39), Before Jesus went to the cross, He was faced with choice (Matthew 26:53). He was tempted in all points, just as we are, throughout His earthly journey, yet He was without sin. In other words, He never missed the mark, which was His Father’s Predetermined Will.

Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil
— Matthew 4:1
For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin
— Hebrews 4:15

 God’s Predetermined Will moved on Herod, Pilate, the Gentiles and the Jews to gather together against Jesus and to crucify Him so that the Predestined Purpose for His Son could be fulfilled.

For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done
— Acts 4:27-28

Through all His earthly journey Jesus maintained His relationship with the Heavenly Father. He kept His human will in submission to the Will of His Father. He never missed the mark, and hence He fulfilled or accomplished the Father’s Predestined Purpose for Him.

Likewise the predestined souls and spirits of mankind are guaranteed, fenced up, determined, and appointed to be both equipped and “fitted” for all God’s Will has predetermined for them to be and do. But it does not guarantee the end result!  God’s highest and ultimate purpose of His Predestined Will is to conform His chosen, the elect, into the Image of His Son.

Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied
— I Peter 1:2

Because of His Predetermined Choice, or His Predestined Purpose for His chosen elect, God shakes heaven and earth for His Will to be accomplished. He has “fenced in” those whom He has chosen. This fence places a wall around the life of the predestined that guarantees that God will work all things for His Will and Purpose to be accomplished in the life of those whom He has preordained. The ultimate, predetermined “end result” of God’s Will is the Image and Likeness of His Son, Jesus, manifest in the life of His chosen.

For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren
— Romans 8:29
Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will
— Ephesians 1:5
In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will
— Ephesians 1:11

God works all things every circumstance, every situation, every blessing, every pain, every mountain and every valley according to His Own Will and Predestined Purpose. It is guaranteed that He will work all things in, around and through the lives of those predestined souls so that they may find, know and accomplish His Purpose and Will. But what man does with the knowledge or how he responds to God, will determine the end result.

…and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is
— Revelation 17:8
And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world
— Revelation 13:8

There are names written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world. This however does not guarantee Eternal Redemption.

And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book
— Revelation 22:19
He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels
— Revelation 3:5

Having your name “pre-written,” or predestined, in the Book of Life does not mean a guaranteed end. In the above verses it clearly states that names can be taken away, or blotted out from the Book of Life.

And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire
— Revelation 20:15

Having said all this we must also acknowledge there is another side to the Truth about predestination. God has chosen, called, predetermined, preordained, and purposed certain ones of His creatures for very specific purposes in time and eternity, both for good and evil.  On one side God predetermines and places a fence around predestined souls called to be conformed to the image of His Son. Yet obviously they maintain the power to choose. As already mentioned with His predestined purpose there is a guarantee of God making a way for His Will to be fulfilled. He will work all things according to His Will and give all needed substance for His chosen and elect to reach the predestined end.  This is according to God’s choosing, not man’s.

According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will
— Ephesians 1:4-5
Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you
— John 15:16

God predestined His people Israel from before time began, yet He also placed before them the power of choice.

I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live
— Deuteronomy 30:19
And unto this people thou shalt say, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death
— Jeremiah 21:8

However, on the other side of the scales we also see God preordaining those whom He has chosen for a specific calling or work for none other reason but that the purpose of God might be accomplished. Man cannot judge God. Neither does man have the right to question God. All things are made for His pleasure, purpose and Name’s Sake. He has the Plan, and He fulfills the Plan. For example when Pharaoh tried to yield to Moses and allow the people of God to leave Egypt, God hardened Pharaoh’s heart because He had raised Pharaoh up for a very specific purpose.

Pharaoh Was Raised Up For God to Declare His Power and Glory.

For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth
— Romans 9:17
And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land
— Exodus 11:10

God Chooses Those Upon Whom He Has Mercy.

What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy
— Romans 9:14-16

 

The Wicked Are Made for The Day of Evil.

The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil
— Proverbs 16:4

Judas Was Chosen for a Specific Task.

Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?
— John 6:70

God Loved Jacob and hated Esau According to His Election.

(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated
— Romans 9:11-13

God Places His will in Hearts to Accomplish His Word And Agree.

For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled”
— Revelation 17:17

Conclusion: It is clear that God’s Word teaches predestination with choice, yet it is also clear that God’s Word teaches God’s Predetermined Will is purposed on others for the fulfillment of His Will, without choice.  Both sides are true and Scriptural